500.000 create jobs for young people in the country

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Haiti enters a period of great economic difficulties due in part to the international crisis, but much more a lack of political courage and imagination on the part of government to formulate an appropriate policy for that period.

Indeed, some countries will find in this crisis an opportunity to revive their economy, but others lead to a disaster.

The question is, what plans does the Government deal with this crisis?

Will this be a disaster or an opportunity?

Is there not in this environment can create jobs in the country, particularly for young people?

Because there has always been a lack of opportunity for this group represents the majority of the population.

Indeed, despite the potential that youth have to be in the vanguard of the Great March for the development of the country, they are always simply forgotten or they are requested at least when it comes to using them to serve small petty interests and chapel.

Never again, we tried to call them on behalf of the nation to serve as spearhead the development and modernization of the country and work to the people out of their dire poverty.

There is a nation to build.

I know many young people who are expecting a realistic plan and ways to get to work and transform the country into a vast construction site.
It is on these points that I intend to dwell today.

In previous articles, I put particular emphasis on the dimension of this crisis which started in the United States with subprime mortgages has resulted in an international economic crisis and, unlike previous crises, is able to endure more than two years.

A government, like the American President, Barack Obama, is preparing to transform the economic crisis into an opportunity to create 3 million jobs in the United States in the next three years by running large programs in the areas of energy renewable, construction and repair of roads, restoration of the environment and support to municipalities to enable them to create work in their jurisdiction.

President Obama wants to launch new programs in education, also, to make the American people more productive and more competitive and boost the economy and to avoid the crisis that takes the dimension of an economic depression like the disaster of the Great Depression of the 30s.
The financing plan could cost between 825 billion to 1 trillion dollars.

Given the costs already incurred by the government of President Bush to address the crisis, the U.S. budget deficit could reach $ 2 trillion and debt, was put in the 7 trillion, or about 50% of GDP.
In this time of crisis, the budget deficit is not dramatic.

Most countries of the European Union, because of measures taken to stem the crisis, have budgets in deficit.

For example, France could have its debt over 50% of its GDP, well above the rate set by the agreements of the European Union.

But the French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, has announced that his government will take all actions necessary to prevent his country to go into a depression.

Such resolution is not only the case of large countries, but the expression of the will of leaders who will lead the attack with a valiant effort to spare their people the great suffering that will bring this crisis.

For Haiti, it seems that our leaders say in private conversation that the people are accustomed to suffering and he will accept this situation as well. Yet the government has the opportunity to consider supporting the economy by pushing domestic demand, which would require direct support to growth sectors more dynamic with the ability to generate higher multiplier effects and positive impact on the employment.

For it must eventually decide to create jobs in the country, especially for young people.

And in this context of crisis, when even the International Monetary Fund released its traditional rigor to find acceptable budgetary deficits, it is possible to sell an investment plan geared toward our youth to international donors


Since the year 1986, I expressed in the document on the Haitian Renaissance that fundamental reform of the state apparatus is a prerequisite to national development.

We still have in place a state that has no sense of the rights of the majority of the population is deprived of almost all that gives dignity to the human person, and a state apparatus that is living beyond its means and which is so dependent on humanitarian aid it is not even able to provide only the security of citizens and the territory which is the primary function of an independent state.

We need a new vision to change this country and bring in modern society and transform men and things so that we produce goods and services that are necessary for our community.

We must spend less and invest more.
Unemployment in our country is in fact endemic and above 60% and over 72% of the population lives below the poverty threshold, with less than $ 2 dollar a day. The country can not get out of this abyss without a national mobilization to fight against poverty and should appeal to young people to serve the nation as envisaged in the Constitution of 1987. But even when one government after another spoke of mobilizing young people is still wishful thinking that does not translate into action.

For those who govern us are still afraid to look into their acts, to barbudos, become the likes of Castro, Che and Cienfuegos.

What I call the Post Cold War paranoia.

For the mobilization of young people are in fact in all the labels and all shades: from Mao to Castro, Lenin, Kim Jong Il, but also FDR to JFK. So it really depends what you want to do with a national mobilization.

So, in early 2008, I saw the coming crisis and suggested that part of the reserve funds of the Haitian Central Bank (BRH), added to funds that could be saved through a reduction in State spending, used to launch a program to build three new regional cities.

These large projects could create jobs in our country with a rate of over 60% unemployment and over 860 thousand young girls and boys who have never worked in their lives?

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So we would have anticipated the global economic crisis, with its attendant problems and we have begun to transform this crisis into an opportunity for young people in our country.

Yet, Ms. Pierre-Louis, in its policy statement to parliament, spoke of his intention to launch major operations, opening of major projects to create jobs. Where are we with these promises?

A look at the emptiness of the budget tabled in Parliament on this subject, it seems that Madam Prime Minister has no heart for it. One could say that when one is at the head of government, it has more to do with concern for others.

For it is the head, so it goes. For others it does not. What a pity!

When, finally, let us understand that the country's future depends on a national effort to integrate young people into the economic life of the country?

We need to integrate either as entrepreneur or as a professional who can embrace a career that will offer them a decent and honorable life. We speak on behalf of hundreds of thousands of young people who are hopeless and frustrated.

This will involve large investments, certainly.

Although according to our preliminary estimates, these investments could involve several hundred million dollars a year, the profits in return will be huge and we enter a period of unparalleled prosperity in our history.

The only thing missing is a vision.

In the opinion of the United Nations Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the Caribbean region will be impacted by the economic crisis in the United States, because this crisis will lead to a reduction in exports to this country, the decline in transfers from immigrants to their countries of origin, fewer tourists from the countries of Canada and the United States and a decline in direct investment that is already in decline.

But we can not sit idly by and wait until the situation worsens.

On the contrary, we can turn this crisis into an opportunity.

The conservative financial policy pursued during the interim period and a more rigorous yet so far, the country prepares to take calculated risks for launching major programs, with a little imagination to cope with the crisis that could devastate the country.

Certainly, the success of these major programs will require discipline and good choices.

Therefore, these programs should not serve to demonstrate yet again that we have become the most corrupt country in the world.

The crisis calls for a paradigm shift and new strategies.

But we can do.

First, I propose that we reduce the number of priorities proposed by the Prime Minister to focus our resources and energies on some goals we can achieve over 10 years.

"Everything else must come after," as former President of Côte d'Ivoire, Felix Houphouet Boigny.

The 4 areas that are defined below, must be based on policies and support activities.

Here is a simplified table:

Infrastructure: They must include roads, airports and ports, telecommunications, production and distribution of electricity, drinking water and major irrigation works.

This line of priority shall be conducted as part of a decentralization policy creates 3 areas including the Grand North, South Grand and Grand Center, and also a policy of decentralization and Urban and Rural Planning, and Construction of Housing and Public Buildings.

Tourism: The priority must be to boost short-term tourists and local visitors from the Diaspora.

Then, the emphasis must be placed on foreign visitors by targeting operators who specialize in adventure tourism and cultural.

This line of priority is supported by cultural activities, festivals and a system of care services modern and highly competitive.

Agriculture must become a priority to participate in growth, but it should also serve to reduce the misery of the rural population by upgrading production to provide enough agricultural goods and help eradicate hunger in the country.

This sector must be in harmony with the ecological development in order to protect and regenerate our ecosystem with the support of a national network of credit dedicated to agriculture to encourage production on a rational basis.

Education must commit to the challenge set by the Constitution to provide basic education to all children in the country and town councils will be empowered to accomplish this task. Special attention must be given equally to all levels of education to ensure that training quality and is available with a specialization in health services and technology.

These four growth sectors can serve as an engine for economic growth accelerated and sustained.

Launching an accelerated growth of the economy from 4 sectors and 3 regions also will offer a variety from the start and create some competition for talent and resources.

This is necessary to promote the balanced development of services and the establishment of a contract of employment with decent wages for workers and employees will also benefit from the fruits of economic growth equitably.

Because economic growth is not sufficient to measure well-being of a society if measures for the equitable distribution of income is not taken.

Then, the diversity of regions and sectors with which I propose a role beyond a balanced system to offer a security guarantee against the possibility that a sector of the economy could go into a downturn and cause the whole economy in his suite.

It has been proved in many cases, the sectors of health and education fit easily into decline during a recession.

Their services are almost always in demand and are high priorities for consumers.

So, this diversification will enable the economy to withstand crises like those experienced by the international community now


Accept that all things being equal, the current level of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), or $ 5.4 billion and a projected average growth of 10%, the economy could produce a cumulative of 10 years, approximately $ 60 billion in goods and services.

So, for a population that is 15 million inhabitants, GDP represents $ 2000 a year per capita.

But at the rate of growth that continues the current government, the income of a Haitian would be less than 1 / 6 of that of a Dominican, in the same period, with all that that implies, as a greater number of Haitian from neighboring countries to escape poverty in their countries.

But we can change the course of things, choosing to invest $ 3 billion over 10 years, an average of 1 billion dollars per region or 300 million a year. Such an investment would represent about 5% of our GDP over this period.

And counting multiplier effects on our economy could achieve an average growth of 10% per year and double its production capacity of goods and services to bring the income per capita to a level where the country would return to a situation where most people do not stagnate in a most degrading poverty.

Measurable targets in terms of jobs must be assigned to the sectors driving growth.

For example, it would be possible to get 200,000 jobs in agriculture and services relating to the environment, mainly in reforestation; create 150.000 jobs in the field of infrastructure, construction of housing and of buildings; 100.000 jobs in the field of education and improving health services and technology and finally 50,000 in tourism-supported care facilities, cultural activities and those related to rural festivals and carnival.

To put 500,000 young to work in a progressive manner, the emphasis should be focused on entrepreneurship and the occupation, not only on employment.

Indeed, we must encourage young girls and boys in the country to start their own business, either in production or services.

They must become their own employers and create thousands of jobs that will lower the unemployment rate is at a ridiculous today.

Thus, despite the launch of the massive creation of jobs would be initiated by the State, or strictly by the public sector, private sector, in the second step is the main creator of jobs, with thousands of Small businesses that are created largely by young entrepreneurs.

But, seasoned entrepreneurs, also contribute greatly to the creation of employment opportunities and wealth in the country from support programs that support the growth sectors will provide the most efficient production.

Because companies have many more opportunities to continue to create jobs even after the incentive program would be completed by the government.


It is a question that is still debated by the group of people who should be the primary beneficiary of an effort of national mobilization for development.

From a statistical perspective, would be classified as young, the age group ranging from 16 to 30 years.

So there, in what category should store this young man of 33 years who has three degrees, but never had a job to earn a living and who still lives with her parents?

So, being young is not just a statistic, but a fact of life for all those countries that still offers no future.

We must make the country competitive in terms of environment for entrepreneurs, young and mature, and facilitate the creation and success of small businesses.

We must create an environment in which it will be easier to start a business than to find a job. It will also focus on productivity through training and investment in technology.

However, we can not launch this national effort just to create jobs and without putting in place administrative structures to enable sustainable development that will continue for years to come, and from generation to generation.

The development, like democracy, is a continuous process.

This is an opportunity to build something that has value and will last and which will move the country towards modernization.

Thus, we must invest in our youth are the future of this country.

500,000 young to work with competitive skills and a high level of productivity will accelerate economic growth, increasing per capita income and double the level of gross domestic production in a very short time. These kids are there and waiting.

What is lacking is political will and imagination.

In fact, I want to reiterate that what makes wealth and poverty of a nation are its men and women and their vision of life and themselves.

Because there are poor countries with many natural resources, but it was rich countries that are yet without natural resources.

Thus, we must believe that it is the work of the people who made the wealth of nations.

So, let's build a country worthy from our men and women and begin creating work for young people so that we do not have another generation lost.

Thank you,
Paul G. Magloire

Paul G. Magloire, March 11 2010, 1:29 PM

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